Author = {Sch{\"a}fer, Ulrich},
	Title = {Middleware for Creating and Combining Multi-dimensional NLP markup},
	Booktitle = {Proceedings of the EACL-2006 Workshop on Multi-dimensional Markup in Natural Language Processing},
	Year = {2006},
	Address = {Trento, Italy},
	Month = {4},
	Abstract = {We present the Heart of Gold middleware by demonstrating three XML-based integration scenarios where multi-dimensional markup produced online by multilingual natural language processing (NLP) components is combined to deliver rich, robust linguistic markup for use in NLP-based applications like information extraction, question answering and semantic web.  The scenarios include (1) robust deep-shallow integration, (2) shallow processing cascades, and (3) treebank storage of multi-dimensionally annotated texts.}